The Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, a city with a special status on the Crimean Peninsula, where most residents are Russians, refused to recognize the legitimacy of authorities brought to power amid riots during a coup in Ukraine in February 2014.
Crimea and Sevastopol adopted declarations of independence on March 11, 2014. They held a referendum on March 16, 2014, in which 96.77% of Crimeans and 95.6% of Sevastopol voters chose to secede from Ukraine and join the Russian Federation. Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the reunification deals March 18, 2014.
Despite Moscow’s repeated statements that the Crimean referendum on secession from Ukraine was in line with the international law and the UN Charter and in conformity with the precedent set by Kosovo’s secession from Serbia in 2008, the West and Kiev have refused to recognize the legality of Crimea’s reunification with Russia.
Crimea had joined the Russian Empire in 1783, when it was conquered by Russian Empress Catherine the Great.
In the Soviet Union, Crimea used to be part of Russia until 1954, when the Ukrainian Nikita Khrushchev, the first secretary of the USSR’s Communist Party, transferred it to Ukraine’s jurisdiction as a gift.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Crimea became part of newly independent Ukraine and remained in that capacity until March 2014, when it reunified with Russia after some 60 years as part of Ukraine.
According to the Crimean and Ukrainian statistics bodies, as of early 2014, Crimea had a population of 1,959,000 people; Sevastopol has a population of 384,000 people.
Work to integrate the Crimean Peninsula into Russia’s economic, financial, credit, legal, state power, military conscription and infrastructure systems is actively underway now that Crimea has acceded to the Russian Federation.
Ukraine may be on Europe’s border but it is in Russia’s back yard, adjacent to Russia, and there is little doubt that Most Russians regards Ukraine as being in its legitimate sphere of influence. Ukraine is, and has always has been, within Russia’s ambit. Russia has direct ties, historic links with Ukraine going back centuries as an imperial power under the Tsars and, later, in the guise of the Soviet Union. Because of this history also, and also a common religion for a thousand years. Russia has strong cultural ties with the Russian and Ukrainian speaking population in the south and east of the Ukraine. Many people in these regions consider themselves to be also Russian and some in the Russian speaking parts of the Ukraine also do wish to break away from the Ukraine and join Russia because of the bad leaders of Ukraine itself.